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Title: Theory of magnetic enhancement in strontium hexaferrite through Zn-Sn pair substitution

We study the site occupancy and magnetic properties of Zn-Sn substituted M-type Sr-hexaferrite SrFe12-x(Zn0.5Sn0.5)(x)O-19 with x=1 using first-principles total-energy calculations. We find that in the lowest-energy configuration Zn2+ and Sn4+ ions preferentially occupy the 4f(1) and 4f(2) sites, respectively, in contrast to the model previously suggested by Ghasemi et al. [J. Appl. Phys, 107, 09A734 (2010)], where Zn2+ and Sn4+ ions occupy the 2b and 4f(2) sites. Density-functional theory calculations show that our model has a lower total energy by more than 0.2 eV per unit cell compared to Ghasemi's model. More importantly, the latter does not show an increase in saturation magnetization (M-s) compared to the pure M-type Sr-hexaferrite, in disagreement with the experiment. On the other hand, our model correctly predicts a rapid increase in M-s as well as a decrease in magnetic anisotropy compared to the pure M-type Sr-hexaferrite, consistent with experimental measurements. (c) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials; Journal Volume: 348
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
Country of Publication:
United States