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Title: Understanding the Role of Hot Isostatic Pressing Parameters on the Microstructural Evolution of Ti-6Al-4V and Inconel 718 Fabricated by Electron Beam Melting

In this project, Avure and ORNL evaluated the influence of hot isostatic pressing (HIP) and thermal cycling as standalone post processing techniques on the microstructure of electron beam powder bed deposited Ti-6Al-4V and Inconel 718 alloys. Electron beam powder bed deposition is an effective technology for fabricating complex net shape components that cannot be manufactured with conventional processes. However, material deposited by this technology results in columnar grain growth which is detrimental for many applications. For Ti-6Al-4V, it has been found that thermal cycling alone is not sufficient to breakdown the columnar microstructure that is typical of electron beam powder bed technology. HIP, on the other hand, has the potential to be an effective technique to break down the columnar microstructure of Ti-6Al-4V into a more equiaxed and refined β grain structure, and provide a more homogeneous microstructure compared to the thermally cycled samples. Overall, the project showed that hot isostatic pressing reduced/eliminated porosity in both Ti-6Al-4V and Inconel 718 However, based on the unique thermal cycle and the application of pressure in the HIP vessel, Ti-6Al-4V e-beam deposited microstructures were modified from columnar grain growth to equiaxed microstructures; a significant outcome to this collaboration. Inconel 718, on the othermore » hand, shows no change in the macrostructure as a result of the current HIP cycle based on the thermal history, and would require further investigation. Though the results of HIP cycle were very good at changing the microstructure, further development in optimizing the post heat treatments and HIP cycles is required to improve mechanical properties.« less
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  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
  3. Avure Technologies, Inc., Franklin, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
ED2701000; CEED492
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Manufacturing Demonstration Facility (MDF)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States