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Title: Low-temperature, non-stoichiometric oxygen isotope exchange coupled to Fe(II)-goethite interactions

The oxygen isotope composition of natural iron oxide minerals has been widely used as a paleoclimate proxy. Interpretation of their stable isotope compositions, however, requires accurate knowledge of isotopic fractionation factors and an understanding of their isotopic exchange kinetics, the latter of which informs us how diagenetic processes may alter their isotopic compositions. Prior work has demonstrated that crystalline iron oxides do not significantly exchange oxygen isotopes with pure water at low temperature, which has restricted studies of isotopic fractionation factors to precipitation experiments or theoretical calculations. Using a double three-isotope method (¹⁸O-¹⁷O-¹⁶O and ⁵⁷Fe-⁵⁶Fe-⁵⁴Fe) we compare O and Fe isotope exchange kinetics, and demonstrate, for the first time, that O isotope exchange between structural O in crystalline goethite and water occurs in the presence of aqueous Fe(II) (Fe(II)aq) at ambient temperature (i.e., 22–50 °C). The three-isotope method was used to extrapolate partial exchange results to infer the equilibrium, mass-dependent isotope fractionations between goethite and water. In addition, this was combined with a reversal approach to equilibrium by reacting goethite in two unique waters that vary in composition by about 16‰ in ¹⁸O/¹⁶O ratios. Our results show that interactions between Fe(II)aq and goethite catalyzes O isotope exchange between the mineralmore » and bulk fluid; no exchange (within error) is observed when goethite is suspended in ¹⁷O-enriched water in the absence of Fe(II)aq. In contrast, Fe(II)-catalyzed O isotope exchange is accompanied by significant changes in ¹⁸O/¹⁶O ratios. Despite significant O exchange, however, we observed disproportionate amounts of Fe versus O exchange, where Fe isotope exchange in goethite was roughly three times that of O. This disparity provides novel insight into the reactivity of oxide minerals in aqueous solutions, but presents a challenge for utilizing such an approach to determine equilibrium isotope fractionation factors. Despite the uncertainty from extrapolation, there is consistency in goethite-water fractionation factors for our reversal approach to equilibrium, with final weighted average fractionation factor values of Δ¹⁸OGth-wate r = 0.2 (±0.9‰) and 3.0 (±2.5‰) at 22 °C and -1.6 (±0.8‰) and 1.9 (±1.5‰) at 50 °C for micron-sized and nano-particulate goethite, respectively (errors at 2σ level). Reaction of ferrihydrite with Fe(II)aq in two distinct waters resulted in a quantitative conversion to goethite and complete O isotope exchange in each case, and similar fractionation factors were observed for experiments using the two waters. Comparison of our results with previous studies of O isotope fractionation between goethite and water suggests that particle size may be a contributing factor to the disparity among experimental studies.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  4. Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0016-7037; 47824; KC0302060
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta; Journal Volume: 160; Journal Issue: C
The Geochemical Society; The Meteoritical Society
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory