Radiation and Thermal Ageing of Nuclear Waste Glass
The radioactive decay of fission products and actinides incorporated into nuclear waste glass leads to self-heating and self-radiation effects that may affect the stability, structure and performance of the glass in a closed system. Short-lived fission products cause significant self-heating for the first 600 years. Alpha decay of the actinides leads to self-radiation damage that can be significant after a few hundred years, and over the long time periods of geologic disposal, the accumulation of helium and radiation damage from alpha decay may lead to swelling, microstructural evolution and changes in mechanical properties. Four decades of research on the behavior of nuclear waste glass are reviewed.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- DOE Contract Number:
- Resource Type:
- Resource Relation:
- Conference: 2nd International Summer School on Nuclear Glass Wasteform: Structure, Properties and Long-Term Behavior, Pont du Gard, France, 20130923, 20130927
- Research Org:
- Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
- Sponsoring Org:
- SC USDOE - Office of Science (SC)
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- Nuclear Waste Glass; Thermal Ageing; Radiation Effects
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