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Title: Electroporation of Functional Bacterial Effectors into Mammalian Cells

Electroporation was used to insert purified bacterial virulence effector proteins directly into living eukaryotic cells. Protein localization was monitored by confocal immunofluorescence microscopy. This method allows for studies on trafficking, function, and protein-protein interactions using active exogenous proteins, avoiding the need for heterologous expression in eukaryotic cells.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [4]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Biological Sciences Division
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Environmental Molecular Science Lab.
  3. Univ. of Toronto, ON (Canada). Ontario Center for Structural Proteomics
  4. Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States). Center for Bioproducts and Bioenergy
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1940-087X; jove; 42696; 400412000
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Visualized Experiments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Issue: 95; Journal ID: ISSN 1940-087X
MyJoVE Corp.
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES electroporation; protein; transfection; expression; localization; confocal microscopy; Salmonella; effector; Immunology; Issue 95; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory