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Title: Imaging of Formaldehyde Adsorption and Diffusion on TiO2(110)

Surface reactions of formaldehyde with reduced TiO2(110) surfaces have been studied using variable-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and density functional theory (DFT). STM results show that formaldehyde preferably adsorbs on the bridging bonded oxygen (Ob) vacancy (VO) defect site. Bias-dependent STM images show that both the Ti-bound CH2O and the VO-bound CH2O are positioned between the Ob row and the Ti row. The VO-bound formaldehyde rotates at 95 K. It starts to diffuse along the Ob row as –CH2– at ~170 K and starts to diffuse along the Ti row as a molecule at ~215 K. However, the stabilities and the configurations of the Ti-bound and the VO-bound formaldehyde calculated using DFT are not in line with the experimental results. The values of diffusion barriers determined experimentally and theoretically are also different. The discrepancy between the experiment and theory indicates the presence of a complex charge distribution related to the defects.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
48368; KC0302010
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Topics in Catalysis, 58(2-3):103-113
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
Titanium dioxide; formaldehyde; defects; diffusion; scanning tunneling microscope; density function theory; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory