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Title: DOE-EPSCoR. Exchange interactions in epitaxial intermetallic layered systems

The goal of this research is to develop a fundamental understanding of the exchange interactions in epitaxial intermetallic alloy thin films and multilayers, including films and multilayers of Fe-Pt, Co-Pt and Fe-P-Rh alloys deposited on MgO and Al2O3 substrates. Our prior results have revealed that these materials have a rich variety of ferromagnetic, paramagnetic and antiferromagnetic phases which are sensitive functions of composition, substrate symmetry and layer thickness. Epitaxial antiferromagnetic films of FePt alloys exhibit a different phase diagram than bulk alloys. The antiferromagnetism of these materials has both spin ordering transitions and spin orienting transitions. The objectives include the study of exchange-inversion materials and the interface of these materials with ferromagnets. Our aim is to formulate a complete understanding of the magnetic ordering in these materials, as well as developing an understanding of how the spin structure is modified through contact with a ferromagnetic material at the interface. The ultimate goal is to develop the ability to tune the phase diagram of the materials to produce layered structures with tunable magnetic properties. The alloy systems that we will study have a degree of complexity and richness of magnetic phases that requires the use of the advanced tools offered bymore » the DOE-operated national laboratory facilities, such as neutron and x-ray scattering to measure spin ordering, spin orientations, and element-specific magnetic moments. We plan to contribute to DOE’s mission of producing “Materials by Design” with properties determined by alloy composition and crystal structure. We have developed the methods for fabricating and have performed neutron diffraction experiments on some of the most interesting phases, and our work will serve to answer questions raised about the element-specific magnetizations using the magnetic x-ray dichroism techniques and interface magnetism in layered structures using polarized neutron reflectometry. Through application of these techniques to understand the materials fabricated in our laboratory, we will employ a tight feedback loop to tailor the magnetic properties on demand. Developing the ability to control magnetic anisotropy is essential for creating the next generation of magnetic storage media (for hard disks, for example), where individual bit sizes have already become smaller than 100nm in the largest dimension. Still smaller bits and higher storage density will require the ability to exquisitely tailor magnetic media properties at the atomic level, the ultimate goal of our study.« less
 [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Contributing Orgs:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Austrailian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization (Australia); Gesellschaft zur Förderung des Helmholtz Zentrums Geesthacht, Geesthacht (Germany)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY magnetism, exchange interactions, intermetallic, ferromagnetism