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Title: A compact neutron spectrometer for characterizing inertial confinement fusion implosions at OMEGA and the NIF

A compact spectrometer for measurements of the primary deuterium-tritium neutron spectrum has been designed and implemented on the OMEGA laser facility. This instrument uses the recoil spectrometry technique, where neutrons produced in an implosion elastically scatter protons in a plastic foil, which are subsequently detected by a proton spectrometer. This diagnostic is capable of measuring the yield to ~±10% accuracy, and mean neutron energy to ~±50 keV precision. As these compact spectrometers can be readily placed at several locations around an implosion, effects of residual fuel bulk flows during burn can be measured. Future improvements to reduce the neutron energy uncertainty to ±15-20 keV are discussed, which will enable measurements of fuel velocities to an accuracy of ~±25-40 km/s.
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  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 85; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). High Energy Density Physics Division, Plasma Science and Fusion Center.
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY neutrons; protons; velocity measurement; neutron spectroscopy; charged particle spectrometers