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Title: Probing Complexity using the LCLS and the ALS

The goal of our research program is to investigate fundamental interactions between photons and molecular/nano-systems to advance our quantitative understanding of electron correlations, charge transfer and many body phenomena. Our research projects focus on probing, on a femtosecond time-scale, multi-electron interactions and tracing nuclear motion in order to understand, and ultimately control energy flow and charge transfer processes from electromagnetic radiation to matter. The experiments will be carried out with state of the art instrumentation built by the P.I. team with funds from a DoE "Single Investigator and Small Group Research" (SISGR) grant. The research projects carried out the past three years consisted of first experiments using the linac coherent light source (LCLS) x-ray free electron laser (FEL) facility at the SLAC National Laboratory, as well as the study of correlated processes in select anions using the ALS. A report for the past cycle is described in section II. These studies have paved the way for our renewal application for the next three years. Our research interests for the next three years extend our past and present research by carrying out time-resolved measurements described in section III. They will consist of: a) The study of molecular dynamics that happen onmore » ultrafast time scales, using pump-probe schemes and the study of non-linear physics in the x-ray regime via multi-photon absorption from the LCLS. This will be achieved by measuring and examining both electronic and nuclear dynamics subsequent to the interaction of molecules and nano-systems with LCLS pulses of various wavelength, intensity and pulse duration as described in section III.A. b) The study of molecular dynamics and correlated processes via absorption of vuv-soft x-rays from the Advanced Light Source (ALS) at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory to provide single-photon ionization baseline results for LCLS studies. In addition, we will study the photodetachment of anions using the ALS as described in section III. B. The PI has an ALS approved program (AP) thus has guaranteed beamtime. Our research underpins several aspects of the DOE mission since our investigations of the formation and evolution of energized states in molecules and nanostructures provides a fundamental basis for understanding elementary processes in solar energy conversion and radiation-induced chemistry. Most of our work is carried out in a strong partnership with theorists. Our proposed work falls in the class of research reported to be timely and necessary by the 2013 DoE Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) Subcommittee report on Future X-ray Light Sources. Specifically, our proposed experiments fall in the category labeled class II, “Spectroscopy and Dynamics with FELs”.« less
  1. Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS Ultrafast Science, Atomic and Molecular Dynamics, Use of national facilities, such as the Linac Coherent Light Source at SLAC National Lab and The Advanced Light Source at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory