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Title: Anticorrelation between Surface and Subsurface Point Defects and the Impact on the Redox Chemistry of TiO2(110)

Using combination of STM, DFT and SIMS, we explored the interplay and relative impact of surface vs. subsurface defects on the surface chemistry of rutile TiO2. STM results show that surface O vacancies (VO’s) are virtually absent in the vicinity of positively-charged subsurface point-defects. This observation is consistent with DFT calculations of impact of subsurface defect proximity on VO formation energy. To monitor the influence of such lateral anticorrelation on surface redox chemistry, a test reaction of the dissociative adsorption of O2 is employed, which is observed to be suppressed around them. DFT results attribute this to a perceived absence of the intrinsic (Ti) (and likely extrinsic) interstitials in the nearest subsurface layer beneath “inhibited” areas. We also postulate that the entire nearest subsurface region could be voided of any charged point-defects, whereas prevalent VO’s are largely responsible for mediation of the redox chemistry at reduced TiO2(110) surface.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
48499; 47406
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Chemphyschem, 16(2):313-321
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
TiO2, point-defects, STM, DFT, SIMS; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory