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Title: Recovery of critical and value metals from mobile electronics enabled by electrochemical processing

Electrochemistry-based schemes were investigated as a means to recover critical and value metals from scrap mobile electronics. Mobile electronics offer a growing feedstock for replenishing value and critical metals and reducing need to exhaust primary sources. The electrorecycling process generates oxidizing agents at an anode to dissolve metals from the scrap matrix while reducing dissolved metals at the cathode. The process uses a single cell to maximize energy efficiency. E vs pH diagrams and metals dissolution experiments were used to assess effectiveness of various solution chemistries. Following this work, a flow chart was developed where two stages of electrorecycling were proposed: 1) initial dissolution of Cu, Sn, Ag and magnet materials using Fe+3 generated in acidic sulfate and 2) final dissolution of Pd and Au using Cl2 generated in an HCl solution. Experiments were performed using a simulated metal mixture equivalent to 5 cell phones. Both Cu and Ag were recovered at ~ 97% using Fe+3 while leaving Au and Pd intact. Strategy for extraction of rare earth elements (REE) from dissolved streams is discussed as well as future directions in process development.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0304-386X
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Hydrometallurgy; Journal Volume: 149
Research Org:
Idaho National Laboratory (INL)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CORROSION; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; ELECTROMETALLURGY; RECYCLING corrosion; critical materials; electrochemistry; electronic scrap; electrowinning; mediated reaction; Recycling