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Title: Physical and monolayer film properties of potential fatty ester biolubricants

The desire to replace petroleum-based lubricants with alternatives that are environmentally friendly and made from sustainable sources has encouraged the development of biolubricants based on vegetable oils. To be good lubricants, the materials should have low melting points, appropriate viscosity and oxidative stability. In this paper, we report the melting point and viscosity of oleate esters of ethylene glycol, 1,2-propanediol, 2,3-butanediol, and pentaerythritol as well as the decanoate esters of 2,3-butanediol and the 12-methyltetradecanoate esters of 1,2-propanediol. Polyol esters that have a free hydroxy group had lower melting points than the completely esterified polyols, but the completely esterified polyol esters exhibited less change in viscosity with temperature than those having a free hydroxy group. 2, 3-Butanediol monooleate, which melted at -48.6°C shows promise as a biolubricant, but its viscosity index was estimated to be 100. Pentaerythritol oleate esters, with melting points below -10°C and viscosity indices in the range of 170–197, may be suitable candidates as biolubricants. The behavior of esters spread as a monomolecular film at air/water interface may provide insight into the way they behave when spread on metal or polar surfaces, so the pressure-area isotherms of 2,3-butanediol monoleate and selected esters are also reported.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Iowa State University
  2. Ames Laboratory
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
IS-J 8384
Journal ID: ISSN 1438-7697
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE Biolubricant; 2,3-Butanediol monooleate; Melting point; Monolayer; Pressure-area isotherm; Viscosity