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Title: Functional carbons and carbon nanohybrids for the catalytic conversion of biomass to renewable chemicals in the condensed phase

The production of chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass provides opportunities to synthesize chemicals with new functionalities and grow a more sustainable chemical industry. However, new challenges emerge as research transitions from petrochemistry to biorenewable chemistry. Compared to petrochemisty, the selective conversion of biomass-derived carbohydrates requires most catalytic reactions to take place at low temperatures (< 300°C) and in the condensed phase to prevent reactants and products from degrading. The stability of heterogeneous catalysts in liquid water above the normal boiling point represents one of the major challenges to overcome. Herein, we review some of the latest advances in the field with an emphasis on the role of carbon materials and carbon nanohybrids in addressing this challenge.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
IS-J 8331
Journal ID: ISSN 1872-2067
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Chinese Journal of Catalysis; Journal Volume: 35; Journal Issue: 6
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE Biomass conversion, renewable chemicals, heterogeneous catalysis, carbon nanotubes, graphene