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Title: A Comparative Study on the Environmental Impact of CO2 Supermarket Refrigeration Systems

Supermarket refrigeration systems have high environmental impact due to their large refrigerant charge and high leak rates. Accordingly, the interest in using natural refrigerants, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), and new refrigerant blends with low GWP in such systems is increasing. In this paper, an open-source Life Cycle Climate Performance (LCCP) framework is presented and used to compare the environmental impact of three supermarket refrigeration systems. These systems include a transcritical CO2 booster system, a cascade CO2/N-40 system, and a baseline R-404A multiplex direct expansion system. The study is performed for cities representing different climates within the USA using EnergyPlus to simulate the systems' hourly performance. Finally, a parametric analysis is performed to study the impact of annual leak rate on the systems' LCCP.
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  1. University of Maryland, College Park
  2. ORNL
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
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Resource Relation:
Conference: 11th IIR Gustav Lorentzen Conference on Natural Refrigerants, Hangzhou, China, 20140831, 20140902
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Building Technologies Research and Integration Center (BTRIC)
Sponsoring Org:
EE USDOE - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Low GWP; LCCP; Supermarket Refrigeration