Investigation of Thermal Interface Materials Using Phase-Sensitive Transient Thermoreflectance Technique: Preprint
With increasing power density in electronics packages/modules, thermal resistances at multiple interfaces are a bottleneck to efficient heat removal from the package. In this work, the performance of thermal interface materials such as grease, thermoplastic adhesives and diffusion-bonded interfaces are characterized using the phase-sensitive transient thermoreflectance technique. A multi-layer heat conduction model was constructed and theoretical solutions were derived to obtain the relation between phase lag and the thermal/physical properties. This technique enables simultaneous extraction of the contact resistance and bulk thermal conductivity of the TIMs. With the measurements, the bulk thermal conductivity of Dow TC-5022 thermal grease (70 to 75 um bondline thickness) was 3 to 5 W/(m-K) and the contact resistance was 5 to 10 mm2-K/W. For the Btech thermoplastic material (45 to 80 μm bondline thickness), the bulk thermal conductivity was 20 to 50 W/(m-K) and the contact resistance was 2 to 5 mm2-K/W. Measurements were also conducted to quantify the thermal performance of diffusion-bonded interface for power electronics applications. Results with the diffusion-bonded sample showed that the interfacial thermal resistance is more than one order of magnitude lower than those of traditional TIMs, suggesting potential pathways to efficient thermal management.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Report Number(s):
- DOE Contract Number:
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- Resource Relation:
- Conference: Presented at ITherm 2014, 27-30 May 2014, Orlando, Florida
- Research Org:
- National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO.
- Sponsoring Org:
- USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Vehicle Technologies Office
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIALS; PHASE-SENSITIVE TRANSIENT THREMOREFLECTANCE; CONTACT RESISTANCE; BULK THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY; THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES; Transportation
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