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Title: Isopiestic Determination of the Osmotic Coefficients of NaNO3 + Eu(NO3)3 + H2O at 298.15 K and Representation with an Extended Ion-Interaction (Pitzer) Model

Isopiestic vapor pressures were measured at 298.15 K for aqueous NaNO3 + Eu(NO3)3 solutions, using NaCl(aq) as the reference standard. Measurements were made for both binary (single salt) solutions and for ternary solutions of the following NaNO3 ionic strength fractions: 0.05995, 0.08749, 0.16084, 0.27709, and 0.36313 over the water activity range 0.8951 = aw = 0.9832. (These ionic strength fractions correspond to NaNO3 molality fractions 0.27675, 0.36519, 0.53489, 0.69695, and 0.77381, respectively.) The results, and those of other studies for the two pure aqueous solutions, were used to determine the Pitzer model parameters for aqueous Eu(NO3)3 for molalities up to 3 mol kg–1 and the two ternary (mixture) parameters ?Eu,Na = 0.367 ± 0.0035 and ?Eu,Na,NO3 = -0.0743 ± 0.0014. Some deviations of the measurements from the fitted model, of the order of +0.0075 in the osmotic coefficient, were noted for mixtures containing less than about 1 mol kg–1 total NO3–. The use of the mixture parameters in the Pitzer model yields predicted trace activity coefficients of Eu3+ in 1 mol kg–1 aqueous NaNO3 almost a factor of 2 greater than if they are omitted.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0021--9568
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data; Journal Volume: 59; Journal Issue: 5
Research Org:
Idaho National Laboratory (INL)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS osmotic coefficients