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Title: Visualizing the Structural Evolution of LSM/xYSZ Composite Cathodes for SOFC by in-situ Neutron Diffraction

Composite cathodes for solid oxide fuel cells, the mixtures of (La0.8Sr0.2)0.95MnO3- (LSM) and (Y2O3)x(ZrO2)1-x (xYSZ, x = 3, 6, 8 and 10), have the thermal stability unraveled at elevated temperatures by using in-situ neutron diffraction. The Rietveld refinement analysis of neutron diffraction visualizes the phase evolutions and the ion activities in the material systems. The phase transition of tetragonal YSZ at T > 900 C leads to a heterogeneous redistribution of Mn ions. The reaction of LSM and YSZ occurring at T > 1100 C was revealed as a three-stage process, yielding La2Zr2O7, SrZrO3 and MnO. The activities of Y, Mn and La ions at elevated temperatures are derived by the structural analysis, and the three-stage reaction of YSZ and LSM was found strongly correlated to ions behaviors.
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  1. ORNL
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Scientific Reports; Journal Volume: 4
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Spallation Neutron Source
Sponsoring Org:
SC USDOE - Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States