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Title: Characterization and modeling of the cemented sediment surrounding the Iulia Felix glass

About 1800 years ago a Roman Corbita sunk off the coast of Italy carrying a barrel of glass cullet to the floor of the Adriatic Sea. Samples of glass cullet and the cemented surrounding sediment have been characterized and the reaction between the glass and the sea water saturated with respect to calcite and dolomite has been modeled. Results from characterization and modeling show that the cement phase surrounding the sediment grains is a high-Mg calcite. The origin of the cement phase is likely the reaction between the glass and the sea water to from a Mg-silicate, here modeled as sepiolite.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
1774; 42495; 42692; AF5805010
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Geochemistry, 41(2014):107-114
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
Iulia Felix; Roman glass; glass dissolution; dolomite; calcite; sepiolite; nuclear waste; archaeological glass; geochemical modeling; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory