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Title: Theoretical Study of Radiation from a Broad Range of Impurity Ions for Magnetic Fusion Diagnostics

Spectroscopy of radiation emitted by impurities plays an important role in the study of magnetically confined fusion plasmas. The measurements of these impurities are crucial for the control of the general machine conditions, for the monitoring of the impurity levels, and for the detection of various possible fault conditions. Low-Z impurities, typically present in concentrations of 1%, are lithium, beryllium, boron, carbon, and oxygen. Some of the common medium-Z impurities are metals such as iron, nickel, and copper, and high-Z impurities, such as tungsten, are present in smaller concentrations of 0.1% or less. Despite the relatively small concentration numbers, the aforementioned impurities might make a substantial contribution to radiated power, and also influence both plasma conditions and instruments. A detailed theoretical study of line radiation from impurities that covers a very broad spectral range from less than 1 Å to more than 1000 Å has been accomplished and the results were applied to the LLNL Electron Beam Ion Trap (EBIT) and the Sustained Spheromak Physics Experiment (SSPX) and to the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) at Princeton. Though low- and medium-Z impurities were also studied, the main emphasis was made on the comprehensive theoretical study of radiation from tungsten usingmore » different state-of-the-art atomic structure codes such as Relativistic Many-Body Perturbation Theory (RMBPT). The important component of this research was a comparison of the results from the RMBPT code with other codes such as the Multiconfigurational Hartree–Fock developed by Cowan (COWAN code) and the Multiconfiguration Relativistic Hebrew University Lawrence Atomic Code (HULLAC code), and estimation of accuracy of calculations. We also have studied dielectronic recombination, an important recombination process for fusion plasma, for variety of highly and low charged tungsten ions using COWAN and HULLAC codes. Accurate DR rate coefficients are needed for describing the ionization balance of plasmas, which in turn determines the lines contributing to the spectral emission and the radiative power loss. In particular, we have calculated relativistic atomic data and corresponding dielectronic satellite spectra of highly ionized W ions, such as, for example, Li-like W (with the shortest wavelength of x-ray radiation of about 0.2 Å) that might exist in ITER core plasmas at very high temperatures of 30-40 keV. In addition, we have completed relativistic calculations of low ionized W ions from Lu-like (W3+) to Er-like (W6+) and for Sm-like(W12+) and Pm-like (W13+) that cover a spectral range from few hundred to thousand Å and are more relevant to the edge plasma diagnostics in tokamak.« less
  1. Univ. of Nevada, Reno, NV (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Univ. of Nevada, Reno, NV (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
Country of Publication:
United States
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY radiation, impurities, tungsten ions, spectroscopy, Extreme Ultraviolet spectra, relativistic atomic data, EBIT, NSTX