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Title: Standby Rates for Combined Heat and Power Systems

Improvements in technology, low natural gas prices, and more flexible and positive attitudes in government and utilities are making distributed generation more viable. With more distributed generation, notably combined heat and power, comes an increase in the importance of standby rates, the cost of services utilities provide when customer generation is not operating or is insufficient to meet full load. This work looks at existing utility standby tariffs in five states. It uses these existing rates and terms to showcase practices that demonstrate a sound application of regulatory principles and ones that do not. The paper also addresses areas for improvement in standby rates.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Regulatory Assistance Partnership
  2. Brubaker & Associates, Inc.
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
BM0101020; EB5701000; EB5704000; CEED210
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Building Technologies Research and Integration Center
Sponsoring Org:
EE USDOE - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE)
Country of Publication:
United States
standby rates; combined heat and power; CHP; distributed generation