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Title: Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics pore-scale simulations of unstable immiscible flow in porous media

We have conducted a series of high-resolution numerical experiments using the Pair-Wise Force Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (PF-SPH) multiphase flow model. First, we derived analytical expressions relating parameters in the PF-SPH model to the surface tension and static contact angle. Next, we used the model to study viscous fingering, capillary fingering, and stable displacement of immiscible fluids in porous media for a wide range of capillary numbers and viscosity ratios. We demonstrated that the steady state saturation profiles and the boundaries of viscous fingering, capillary fingering, and stable displacement regions compare favorably with micromodel laboratory experimental results. For displacing fluid with low viscosity, we observed that the displacement pattern changes from viscous fingering to stable displacement with increasing injection rate. When a high viscosity fluid is injected, transition behavior from capillary fingering to stable displacement occurred as the flow rate was increased. These observation also agree with the results of the micromodel laboratory experiments.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
35417; KJ0401000
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Advances in Water Resources, 62(Part C):356-369
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics, multiphase flow, porous media, micromodel; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory