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Title: Coordination and Hydrolysis of Plutonium Ions in Aqueous Solution using Car-Parrinello Molecular Dynamics Free Energy Simulations

Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics (CPMD) simulations have been used to examine the hydration structures, coordination energetics and the first hydrolysis constants of Pu3+, Pu4+, PuO2+ and PuO22+ ions in aqueous solution at 300 K. The coordination numbers and structural properties of the first shell of these ions are in good agreement with available experimental estimates. The hexavalent PuO22+ species is coordinated to 5 aquo ligands while the pentavalent PuO2+ complex is coordinated to 4 aquo ligands. The Pu3+ and Pu4+ ions are both coordinated to 8 water molecules. The first hydrolysis constants obtained for Pu3+ and PuO22+ are 6.65 and 5.70 respectively, all within 0.3 pH units of the experimental values (6.90 and 5.50 respectively). The hydrolysis constant of Pu4+, 0.17, disagrees with the value of -0.60 in the most recent update of the Nuclear Energy Agency Thermochemical Database (NEA-TDB) but supports recent experimental findings. The hydrolysis constant of PuO2+, 9.51, supports the experimental results of Bennett et al. (Radiochim. Act. 1992, 56, 15). A correlation between the pKa of the first hydrolysis reaction and the effective charge of the plutonium center was found.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
44669; KC0302030
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 117(47):12256-12267
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
Plutonium; Complexes; Aquo; Aqueous; Density Functional Theory; CPMD; AIMD; Structure; Car-Parrinello Molecular Dynamics; Plutonyl; Hydroxo; Hydrolysis; Actinide; Hydroxide, Metadynamics; Residence times, Disproportionation; NWChem; Free Energy Simulations; Pu3+; Pu4+; PuO2+; PuO22+; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory