Examination of a Standardized Test for Evaluating the Degree of Cure of EVA Encapsulation: Preprint
The curing of cross-linkable encapsulation is a critical consideration for photovoltaic (PV) modules manufactured using a lamination process. Concerns related to ethylene-co-vinyl acetate (EVA) include the quality (e.g., expiration and uniformity) of the films or completion (duration) of the cross-linking of the EVA within a laminator. Because these issues are important to both EVA and module manufacturers, an international standard has recently been proposed by the Encapsulation Task-Group within the Working Group 2 (WG2) of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Technical Committee 82 (TC82) for the quantification of the degree of cure for EVA encapsulation. The present draft of the standard calls for the use of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) as the rapid, enabling secondary (test) method. Both the residual enthalpy- and melt/freeze-DSC methods are identified. The DSC methods are calibrated against the gel content test, the primary (reference) method. Aspects of other established methods, including indentation and rotor cure metering, were considered by the group. Key details of the test procedure will be described.
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- Conference: Presented at the 23rd International Photovoltaic Science and Engineering Conference, 28 October - 1 November 2013, Taipei, Taiwan
- Research Org:
- National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO.
- Sponsoring Org:
- USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Solar Energy Technologies Program
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE POLYMER; QUALITY CONTROL; QUALITY ASSURANCE; MANUFACTURING; VERIFICATION; Solar Energy - Photovoltaics
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