skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Mayenite Synthesized Using the Citrate Sol-Gel Method

A citrate sol-gel method has been used to synthesize mayenite (Ca12Al14O33). X-ray powder diffraction data show that the samples synthesized using the citrate sol-gel method contained CaAl2O4 and CaCO3 along with mayenite when fired ex-situ in air at 800 C but were single phase when fired at 900 C and above. Using high temperature x-ray diffraction, data collected in-situ in air at temperatures of 600 C and below showed only amorphous content; however, data collected at higher temperatures indicated the first phase to crystallize is CaCO3. High temperature x-ray diffraction data collected in 4% H2/96% N2 does not show the presence of CaCO3, and Ca12Al14O33 starts to form around 850 C. In comparison, x-ray powder diffraction data collected ex-situ on samples synthesized using traditional solid-state synthesis shows that single phase was not reached until samples were fired at 1350 C. DTA/TGA data collected either in a nitrogen environment or air on samples synthesized using the citrate gel method suggest the complete decomposition of metastable phases and the formation of mayenite at 900 C, although the phase evolution is very different depending on the environment. Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) measurements showed a slightly higher surface area of 7.4 0.1 m2/g in the citratemore » gel synthesized samples compared to solid-state synthesized sample with a surface area of 1.61 0.02 m2/g. SEM images show a larger particle size for samples synthesized using the solid-state method compared to those synthesized using the citrate gel method.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. ORNL
  2. University of Tennessee (UTK) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)
  3. University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Ceramics International; Journal Volume: 40; Journal Issue: 1
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; High Temperature Materials Laboratory
Sponsoring Org:
ME USDOE - Office of Management, Budget, and Evaluation; ORNL work for others
Country of Publication:
United States