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Title: Designing high power targets with computational fluid dynamics (CFD)

High power liquid hydrogen (LH2) targets, up to 850 W, have been widely used at Jefferson Lab for the 6 GeV physics program. The typical luminosity loss of a 20 cm long LH2 target was 20% for a beam current of 100 {micro}A rastered on a square of side 2 mm on the target. The 35 cm long, 2500 W LH2 target for the Qweak experiment had a luminosity loss of 0.8% at 180 {micro}A beam rastered on a square of side 4 mm at the target. The Qweak target was the highest power liquid hydrogen target in the world and with the lowest noise figure. The Qweak target was the first one designed with CFD at Jefferson Lab. A CFD facility is being established at Jefferson Lab to design, build and test a new generation of low noise high power targets.
  1. JLAB
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
JLAB-PHY-13-1816; DOE/OR/23177-2921
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conf. Proc.; Journal Volume: 1563; Conference: Workshop to explore physics opportunities with intense, polarized electron beams at 50-300 MeV, 14-16 March 2013, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Research Org:
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States