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Title: Photooxidation and Photodesorption in the Photochemistry of Isobutene on TiO2(110)

The photochemistry of isobutene was examined on the rutile TiO2(110) surface as a function of the surface pretreatment condition and irradiation temperature using temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and photon stimulated desorption (PSD). Isobutene adsorbs molecularly on the clean TiO2(110) surface without detectable thermal decomposition. Preadsorption of oxygen, either as atoms or chemisorbed molecules, did not promote thermal reactions with isobutene, but instead blocked isobutene adsorption sites. Ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation of isobutene adsorbed on the clean surface led to depletion through photodesorption without significant photodecomposition. Isobutene PSD yields increased with increasing surface temperature suggesting that activated molecules sample their physisorbed potential energy surface during photodesorption. Preadsorption of oxygen promoted partial photooxidation of adsorbed isobutene to acetone, methacrolein and isobutanal. Acetone was only detected when molecular oxygen was present, indicating that O2 addition occurred across the C=C bond. In contrast, results from use of D6-isobutene indicated that coadsorption with either O adatoms or O2 molecules led to photochemical production of methacrolein (and likely isobutanal) through C-H bond cleavage on a methyl group. Irradiation an adlayer comprised of isobutene isolated from the surface by 1 ML of preadsorbed O2 showed the most photoconversion of isobutene, which suggests that photoactivation of adsorbed O2more » is a key step in partial photooxidation of isobutene. Comparison of the isobutene PSD and oxidation product yields as a function of surface temperature between 20 and 120 K indicates a competition between photooxidation and photodesorption that varies with temperature. ‘Direct’ charge transfer events between isobutene and the surface, favored at higher temperature, compete with partial oxidation pathways initiated by ‘indirect’ activation of isobutene by O2, which is favored at low temperature. Access of O2 to the surface is critical to achieving desired isobutene photooxidation rates and products, and isobutene photodesorption may provide a means of regulating the isobutene surface coverage. Work reported here was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Science, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences, and performed in the Williams R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Science Laboratory (EMSL), a Department of Energy user facility funded by the Office of Biological and Environmental Research. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is a multiprogram national laboratory operated for the U.S. Department of Energy by the Battelle Memorial Institute under contract DEAC05-76RL01830.« less
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
47406; KC0302010
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 117(27):14113-14124
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
TiO2(110); photodesorption; photocatalysis; isobutene; partial oxidation; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory