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Title: A comprehensive approach to decipher biological computation to achieve next generation high-performance exascale computing.

A comprehensive approach to decipher biological computation to achieve next generation high-performance exascale computing. The human brain (volume=1200cm3) consumes 20W and is capable of performing>10%5E16 operations/s. Current supercomputer technology has reached 1015 operations/s, yet it requires 1500m%5E3 and 3MW, giving the brain a 10%5E12 advantage in operations/s/W/cm%5E3. Thus, to reach exascale computation, two achievements are required: 1) improved understanding of computation in biological tissue, and 2) a paradigm shift towards neuromorphic computing where hardware circuits mimic properties of neural tissue. To address 1), we will interrogate corticostriatal networks in mouse brain tissue slices, specifically with regard to their frequency filtering capabilities as a function of input stimulus. To address 2), we will instantiate biological computing characteristics such as multi-bit storage into hardware devices with future computational and memory applications. Resistive memory devices will be modeled, designed, and fabricated in the MESA facility in consultation with our internal and external collaborators.
Authors: ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:1096252
Report Number(s):SAND2013-7915
476320
DOE Contract Number:AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:Technical Report
Data Type:
Research Org:University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM; Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:United States
Language:English
Subject: