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Title: Analysis of H2 storage needs for early market non-motive fuel cell applications.

Analysis of H2 storage needs for early market non-motive fuel cell applications. Hydrogen fuel cells can potentially reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the United States dependence on foreign oil, but issues with hydrogen storage are impeding their widespread use. To help overcome these challenges, this study analyzes opportunities for their near-term deployment in five categories of non-motive equipment: portable power, construction equipment, airport ground support equipment, telecom backup power, and man-portable power and personal electronics. To this end, researchers engaged end users, equipment manufacturers, and technical experts via workshops, interviews, and electronic means, and then compiled these data into meaningful and realistic requirements for hydrogen storage in specific target applications. In addition to developing these requirements, end-user benefits (e.g., low noise and emissions, high efficiency, potentially lower maintenance costs) and concerns (e.g., capital cost, hydrogen availability) of hydrogen fuel cells in these applications were identified. Market data show potential deployments vary with application from hundreds to hundreds of thousands of units.
Authors: ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:OSTI ID: 1039007
Report Number(s):SAND2012-1739
TRN: US201209%%294
DOE Contract Number:AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:Technical Report
Research Org:Sandia National Laboratories
Sponsoring Org:USDOE
Country of Publication:United States
Language:English
Subject: 08 HYDROGEN; 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; AVAILABILITY; CAPITALIZED COST; CONSTRUCTION; EFFICIENCY; FUEL CELLS; GREENHOUSE GASES; HYDROGEN; HYDROGEN FUEL CELLS; HYDROGEN STORAGE; MAINTENANCE; MANUFACTURERS; MARKET; STORAGE; TARGETS; EMISSION