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Title: Water–gas shift reaction over gold nanoparticles dispersed on nanostructured CeOx–TiO2(110) surfaces: Effects of high ceria coverage

In this study, scanning tunnelling microscopy has been used to study the morphology of an overlayer of ceria in contact with a TiO2(110) substrate. Two types of domains were observed after ceria deposition. An ordered ceria film covered half of the surface and high-resolution imaging suggested a near-c(6 × 2) relationship to the underlying TiO2(110)-(1 × 1). The other half of the surface comprised CeOx nanoparticles and reconstructed TiOx supported on TiO2(110)-(1 × 1). Exposure to a small amount of gold resulted in the formation of isolated gold atoms and small clusters on the ordered ceria film and TiO2(110)-(1 × 1) areas, which exhibited significant sintering at 500 K and showed strong interaction between the sintered gold clusters and the domain boundaries of the ceria film. The Au/CeOx/TiO2(110) model system proved to be a good catalyst for the water–gas shift (WGS) exhibiting much higher turnover frequencies (TOFs) than Cu(111) and Pt(111) benchmarks, or the individual Au/TiO2(110) and Au/CeO2(111) systems. For Au/CeOx/TiO2(110) catalysts, there was a decrease in catalytic activity with increasing ceria coverage that correlates with a reduction in the concentration of Ce3+ formed during WGS reaction conditions.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  2. Univ. Central de Venezuela, Caracas (Venezuela)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1333203
Report Number(s):
BNL--113208-2016-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0039-6028; R&D Project: CO040; KC0302010
Grant/Contract Number:
SC00112704
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Surface Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 650; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0039-6028
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY STM; TiO2(110); CeO2; gold; water–gas shift