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This content will become publicly available on June 16, 2017

Title: Neutron Polarization Analysis for Biphasic Solvent Extraction Systems

Here we performed neutron polarization analysis (NPA) of extracted organic phases containing complexes, comprised of Zr(NO3)4 and tri-n-butyl phosphate, which enabled decomposition of the intensity distribution of small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) into the coherent and incoherent scattering components. The coherent scattering intensity, containing structural information, and the incoherent scattering compete over a wide range of magnitude of scattering vector, q, specifically when q is larger than q* ≈ 1/Rg, where Rg is the radius of gyration of scatterer. Therefore, it is important to determine the incoherent scattering intensity exactly to perform an accurate structural analysis from SANS data when Rg is small, such as the aforementioned extracted coordination species. Although NPA is the best method for evaluating the incoherent scattering component for accurately determining the coherent scattering in SANS, this method is not used frequently in SANS data analysis because it is technically challenging. In this study, we successfully demonstrated that experimental determination of the incoherent scattering using NPA is suitable for sample systems containing a small scatterer with a weak coherent scattering intensity, such as extracted complexes in biphasic solvent extraction systems.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Tokai (Japan). Materials Research Center
  2. High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba (Japan); Graduate Univ. for Adanced Studies (SOKENDAI), Ibaraki (Japan)
  3. National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD (United States). Center for Exploration of Energy and Matter; Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States)
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1319185
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 34; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 0736-6299
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Spallation Neutron Source
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY Neutron polarization analysis; solvent extraction; tri-n-butyl phosphate