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Title: Application of High Performance Computing for Simulating Cycle-to-Cycle Variation in Dual-Fuel Combustion Engines

Interest in operational cost reduction is driving engine manufacturers to consider lower-cost fuel substitution in heavy-duty diesel engines. These dual-fuel (DF) engines could be operated either in diesel-only mode or operated with premixed natural gas (NG) ignited by a pilot flame of compression-ignited direct-injected diesel fuel. One promising application is that of large-bore, medium-speed engines such as those used in locomotives. With realistic natural gas substitution levels in the fleet of locomotives currently in service, such fuel substitution could result in billions of dollars of savings annually in the US alone. However, under certain conditions, dual-fuel operation can result in increased cycle-to-cycle variability (CCV) during combustion, resulting in variations in cylinder pressure and work extraction. In certain situations, the CCV of dual-fuel operation can be notably higher than that of diesel-only combustion under similar operating conditions. Excessive CCV can limit the NG substitution rate and operating range of a dual-fuel engine by increasing emissions and reducing engine stability, reliability and fuel efficiency via incomplete natural-gas combustion. Running multiple engine cycles in series to simulate CCV can be quite time consuming. Hence innovative modelling techniques and large computing resources are needed to investigate the factors affecting CCV in dual-fuel engines. Thismore » paper discusses the use of the High Performance Computing resource Titan, at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, to investigate cycle-to-cycle combustion variability of a dual-fuel engine. The CONVERGE CFD software was used to simulate multiple, parallel single cycles of dual-fuel combustion with perturbed operating parameters and boundary conditions. These perturbations are imposed according to a sparse grids sampling of the parameter space. The sampling scheme chosen is similar to a design of experiments method but uses functions designed to minimize the number of samples required to achieve a desired degree of accuracy. The perturbed input parameters were connected to engine performance output over a large parameter space. Additionally, the same methodology was used to perform a set of diesel-only simulations at similar operating conditions to assess the numerical capability of capturing relatively low combustion variation. Lastly, this technique is expected to be useful to understand and predict combustion stability limits (knock and misfire) which are important for designing dual-fuel engines with improved operability and reliability.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. GE Global Research, Niskayuna, New York (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Convergent Science Inc. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Society of Automotive Engineers Technical Paper Series
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2016; Journal ID: ISSN 0148-7191
SAE International
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Fuels, Engines and Emissions Research Center; Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States