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Title: Biofuels combustion*

This review describes major features of current research in renewable fuels derived from plants and from fatty acids. Recent and ongoing fundamental studies of biofuel molecular structure, oxidation reactions, and biofuel chemical properties are reviewed, in addition to combustion applications of biofuels in the major types of engines in which biofuels are used. Biofuels and their combustion are compared with combustion features of conventional petroleum-based fuels. Two main classes of biofuels are described, those consisting of small, primarily alcohol, fuels (particularly ethanol, n-butanol, and iso-pentanol) that are used primarily to replace or supplement gasoline and those derived from fatty acids and used primarily to replace or supplement conventional diesel fuels. As a result, research efforts on so-called second- and third-generation biofuels are discussed briefly.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1305865
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL--597152
Journal ID: ISSN 0066-426X
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Annual Review of Physical Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 64; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0066-426X
Publisher:
Annual Reviews
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS ethanol; iso-pentanol; biodiesel; methyl esters; combustion