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Title: Mitigation of upward and downward vertical displacement event heat loads with upper or lower massive gas injection in DIII-D

Intentionally triggered upward and downward vertical displacement events (VDEs) leading to disruptions were pre-emptively mitigated with neon massive gas injection (MGI) coming from either above or below the plasma. Global indicators of disruption mitigation effectiveness (conducted heat loads, radiated power, and vessel motion) do not show a clear improvement when mitigating with the gas jet located closer to the VDE impact area. A clear trend of improved mitigation is observed for earlier MGI timing relative to the VDE impact time. The plasma current channel is seen to lock to a preferential phase during the VDE thermal quench, but this phase is not clearly matched by preliminary attempts to fit to the conducted heat load phase. Finally, clear indications of plasma infra-red emission are observed both before and during the disruptions; this infrared emission can affect calculation of disruption heat loads.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [2]
  1. Univ. of California-San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  4. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X; PHPAEN
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344;FG02-07ER54917; FC02-04ER54698; AC05-00OR22725; AC05- 06OR23100
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY Divertors; Plasma temperature; Toroidal plasma confinement; Vertical displacement events; VDEs