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Title: Frequency, pressure and strain dependence of nonlinear elasticity in Berea Sandstone

Acoustoelasticity measurements in a sample of room dry Berea sandstone are conducted at various loading frequencies to explore the transition between the quasi-static ( f → 0) and dynamic (few kilohertz) nonlinear elastic response. We carry out these measurements at multiple confining pressures and perform a multivariate regression analysis to quantify the dependence of the harmonic content on strain amplitude, frequency, and pressure. The modulus softening (equivalent to the harmonic at 0f) increases by a factor 2–3 over 3 orders of magnitude increase in frequency. Harmonics at 2f, 4f, and 6f exhibit similar behaviors. In contrast, the harmonic at 1f appears frequency independent. This result corroborates previous studies showing that the nonlinear elasticity of rocks can be described with a minimum of two physical mechanisms. This study provides quantitative data that describes the rate dependency of nonlinear elasticity. Furthermore, these findings can be used to improve theories relating the macroscopic elastic response to microstructural features.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [4]
  1. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
  4. Ecole Normale Superieure (ENS) Lab. de Geologie, Paris (France)
  5. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States); La Sapienza Univ. di Rome, Rome (Italy)
  6. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States); TNO, Geological Survey of the Netherlands, TA Utrecht (Netherlands)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1296688
Report Number(s):
LA-UR--16-22600
Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES earth sciences; material science; nonlinear elasticity in sandstone