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Title: Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Laves Phase-strengthened Fe-Cr-Zr Alloys

Laves phase-reinforced alloys have shown some preliminary promising performance at room temperatures. This paper aims at evaluating mechanical properties of Laves phase-strengthened alloys at elevated temperatures. Three Fe-Cr-Zr alloys were designed to favor the formation of eutectic microstructures containing Laves and body-centered cubic phases with the aid of thermodynamic calculations. Microstructural characterization was carried out on the alloys in as-processed and aged states using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. The effect of thermal aging and alloy composition on microstructure has been discussed based on microstructural characterization results. Mechanical properties have been evaluated by means of Vickers microhardness measurements, tensile testing at temperatures up to 973.15 K (700.15 °C), and creep testing at 873.15 K (600.15 °C) and 260 MPa. Alloys close to the eutectic composition show significantly superior strength and creep resistance compared to P92. Finally, however, their low tensile ductility may limit their applications at relatively low temperatures.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1286696
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions. A, Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 46; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1073-5623
Publisher:
ASM International
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE