skip to main content


This content will become publicly available on October 19, 2016

Title: Gravitational wave signatures of ab initio two-dimensional core collapse supernova explosion models for 1225M stars

Here, we present the gravitational waveforms computed in ab initio two-dimensional core collapse supernova models evolved with the chimera code for progenitor masses between 12 and 25 M. For all models employ multifrequency neutrino transport in the ray-by-ray approximation, state-of-the-art weak interaction physics, relativistic transport corrections such as the gravitational redshift of neutrinos, two-dimensional hydrodynamics with the commensurate relativistic corrections, Newtonian self-gravity with a general-relativistic monopole correction, and the Lattimer-Swesty equation of state with 220 MeV compressibility, and begin with the most recent Woosley-Heger nonrotating progenitors in this mass range. All of our models exhibit robust explosions. Moreover, our waveforms capture all stages of supernova development: 1) a relatively short and weak prompt signal, 2) a quiescent stage, 3) a strong signal due to convection and standing accretion shock instability activity, 4) termination of active accretion onto the proto-neutron star, and 5) a slowly increasing tail that reaches a saturation value. Fourier decomposition shows that the gravitational wave signals we predict should be observable by AdvLIGO for Galactic events across the range of progenitors considered here. The fundamental limitation of these models is in their imposition of axisymmetry. Further progress will require counterpart three-dimensional models, which are underway.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [1] ;  [7] ;  [8]
  1. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. National Science Foundation (NSF), Washington, DC (United States)
  3. Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
  4. Florida Atlantic Univ., Boca Raton, FL (United States)
  5. National Science Foundation (NSF), Washington, DC (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  6. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  7. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)
  8. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; NNH08AH711; NNH11AQ72I; OCI-0749242; OCI-0749204; OCI-0747248
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 92; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1550-7998
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Joint Institute for Computational Sciences (JICS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) (SC-21); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States