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Title: Graphene-containing flowable electrodes for capacitive energy storage

High conductivity and extended particle contacts are required for rapid charge percolation in flowable electrodes. In this study, carbon spheres (CS) were wrapped by highly conductive reduced graphene oxide sheets (rGO) to address these issues. We synthesized various compositions of the conductive, 3D interconnected hybrid materials (rGO@CS) using the hydrothermal method. Synergistic effects of both materials were utilized where CS served to minimize the sheet stacking for better flowability of the suspensions, and wrapped rGO sheets enabled higher conductivity for fast charge transport throughout the suspension network. When we tested as flowable electrodes, the composition with a 1:2 ratio of GO to CS exhibited the highest capacitance of 200 F/g and an improved rate performance. Moreover, the improved performance is attributed to the fast charge transport in the suspension network due to higher conductivity and enhanced connectivity of the active material particles. Optimized electrodes were also examined in a flow mode which yielded a capacitance of 45 F/g.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1265864
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; ERKCC61; 1351161; 1002809
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Carbon
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 92; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0008-6223
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE