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Title: New experimental platform to study high density laser-compressed matter

We have developed a new experimental platform at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) which combines simultaneous angularly and spectrally resolved x-ray scatteringmeasurements. This technique offers a new insights on the structural and thermodynamic properties of warm dense matter. The < 50 fs temporal duration of the x-ray pulse provides near instantaneous snapshots of the dynamics of the compression. We present a proof of principle experiment for this platform to characterize a shock-compressed plastic foil. We observe the disappearance of the plastic semi-crystal structure and the formation of a compressed liquid ion-ion correlation peak. As a result, the plasma parameters of shock-compressed plastic can be measured as well, but requires an averaging over a few tens of shots.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [6] more »;  [2] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [7] ;  [8] « less
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (France)
  4. Stanford Univ., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  5. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  6. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  7. Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, AB (Canada)
  8. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1260498
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL--686306
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748; RSINAK
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 85; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 42 ENGINEERING x-ray scattering; x-ray optics; scattering measurements; free electron lasers; electron scattering