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Title: Emission color-tuned light-emitting diode microarrays of nonpolar InxGa1–xN/GaN multishell nanotube heterostructures

Integration of nanostructure lighting source arrays with well-defined emission wavelengths is of great importance for optoelectronic integrated monolithic circuitry. We report on the fabrication and optical properties of GaN-based p–n junction multishell nanotube microarrays with composition-modulated nonpolar m-plane InxGa1–xN/GaN multiple quantum wells (MQWs) integrated on c-sapphire or Si substrates. The emission wavelengths were controlled in the visible spectral range of green to violet by varying the indium mole fraction of the InxGa1–xN MQWs in the range 0.13 ≤ x ≤ 0.36. Homogeneous emission from the entire area of the nanotube LED arrays was achieved via the formation of MQWs with uniform QW widths and composition by heteroepitaxy on the well-ordered nanotube arrays. Importantly, the wavelength-invariant electroluminescence emission was observed above a turn-on of 3.0 V because both the quantum-confinement Stark effect and band filling were suppressed due to the lack of spontaneous inherent electric field in the m-plane nanotube nonpolar MQWs. Lastly, the method of fabricating the multishell nanotube LED microarrays with controlled emission colors has potential applications in monolithic nonpolar photonic and optoelectronic devices on commonly used c-sapphire and Si substrates.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [4]
  1. Sejong Univ., Seoul (Korea)
  2. Korea Univ., Seoul (Korea)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  4. Seoul National Univ., Seoul (Korea)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1259299
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396; AC04-94AL85000; NRF-2013R1A1A2058744; 20154030200630; NRF-2014M3A7B4051589
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY inorganic LEDs; nanophotonics and plasmonics