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Title: Antimicrobial nanomaterials derived from natural products—A review

Modern medicine has relied heavily on the availability of effective antibiotics to manage infections and enable invasive surgery. With the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, novel approaches are necessary to prevent the formation of biofilms on sensitive surfaces such as medical implants. Advances in nanotechnology have resulted in novel materials and the ability to create novel surface topographies. This review article provides an overview of advances in the fabrication of antimicrobial nanomaterials that are derived from biological polymers or that rely on the incorporation of natural compounds with antimicrobial activity in nanofibers made from synthetic materials. Furthermore, the availability of these novel materials will contribute to ensuring that the current level of medical care can be maintained as more bacteria are expected to develop resistance against existing antibiotics.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1257969
Grant/Contract Number:
PI0000031
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1944
Publisher:
MDPI
Research Org:
Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE antimicrobial properties; biopolymers; chitosan; lignin; nanomaterials