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Title: Isolation of 163Ho from dysprosium target material by HPLC for neutrino mass measurements

The rare earth isotope 163Ho is of interest for neutrino mass measurements. This report describes the isolation of 163Ho from a proton-irradiated dysprosium target and its purification. A Dy metal target was irradiated with 16 MeV protons for 10 h. After target dissolution, 163Ho was separated from the bulk Dy via cation-exchange high performance liquid chromatography using 70 mmol dm–3 α-hydroxyisobutyric acid as the mobile phase. Subsequent purification of the collected Ho fraction was performed to remove the α-hydroxyisobutyrate chelating agent and to concentrate the Ho in a low ionic strength aqueous matrix. The final solution was characterized by MC-ICP-MS to determine the 163Ho/165Ho ratio, 163Ho and the residual Dy content. The HPLC purification process resulted in a decontamination factor 1.4E5 for Dy. As a result, the isolated Ho fraction contained 24.8 ±1.3 ng of 163Ho corresponding to holmium recovery of 72 ± 3%.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1239303
Report Number(s):
LA-UR--14-28326
Journal ID: ISSN 0033-8230
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Radiochimica Acta
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 103; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0033-8230
Publisher:
de Gruyter
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY HPLC; 163Ho; lanthanide separation; neutrino mass; preparative HPLC