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Title: In situ characterization of silver nanoparticle synthesis in maltodextrin supramolecular structures

In this study, the use of maltodextrin supramolecular structures (MD SMS) as a reducing agent and colloidal stabilizing agent for the synthesis of Ag nanoparticles (Ag NPs) identified three key points. First, the maltodextrin (MD) solutions are effective in the formation of well-dispersed Ag NPs utilizing alkaline solution conditions, with the resulting Ag NPs ranging in size from 5 to 50 nm diameter. Second, in situ characterization by Raman spectroscopy and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) are consistent with initial nucleation of Ag NPs within the MD SMS up to a critical size of ca. 1 nm, followed by a transition to more rapid growth by aggregation and fusion between MD SMS, similar to micelle aggregation reactions. Third, the stabilization of larger Ag NPs by adsorbed MD SMS is similar to hemi-micelle stabilization, and monomodal size distributions are proposed to relate to integer surface coverage of the Ag NPs. Conditions were identified for preparing Ag NPs with monomodal distributions centered at 30–35 nm Ag NPs.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  2. Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1236240
Report Number(s):
SAND--2015-1001J
Journal ID: ISSN 0927-7765; 566969
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 134; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0927-7765
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY silver; nanoparticles; maltodextrin; synthesis; in situ