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Title: Thermal model development and validation for rapid filling of high pressure hydrogen tanks

This paper describes the development of thermal models for the filling of high pressure hydrogen tanks with experimental validation. Two models are presented; the first uses a one-dimensional, transient, network flow analysis code developed at Sandia National Labs, and the second uses the commercially available CFD analysis tool Fluent. These models were developed to help assess the safety of Type IV high pressure hydrogen tanks during the filling process. The primary concern for these tanks is due to the increased susceptibility to fatigue failure of the liner caused by the fill process. Thus, a thorough understanding of temperature changes of the hydrogen gas and the heat transfer to the tank walls is essential. The effects of initial pressure, filling time, and fill procedure were investigated to quantify the temperature change and verify the accuracy of the models. In this paper we show that the predictions of mass averaged gas temperature for the one and three-dimensional models compare well with the experiment and both can be used to make predictions for final mass delivery. Furthermore, due to buoyancy and other three-dimensional effects, however, the maximum wall temperature cannot be predicted using one-dimensional tools alone which means that a three-dimensional analysis ismore » required for a safety assessment of the system.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Zhejiang Univ., Hangzhou (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1235303
Report Number(s):
SAND--2015-2535J
Journal ID: ISSN 0360-3199; 579856
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 40; Journal ID: ISSN 0360-3199
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING high pressure hydrogen storage; fast filling; real gas equation; one-dimensional and 3D models