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Title: Communication: X-ray coherent diffractive imaging by immersion in nanodroplets

Lensless x-ray microscopy requires the recovery of the phase of the radiation scattered from a specimen. Here, we demonstrate a de novo phase retrieval technique by encapsulating an object in a superfluid helium nanodroplet, which provides both a physical support and an approximate scattering phase for the iterative image reconstruction. The technique is robust, fast-converging, and yields the complex density of the immersed object. As a result, images of xenon clusters embedded in superfluid helium droplets reveal transient configurations of quantum vortices in this fragile system.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [3] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [8] ;  [1] ;  [9] ;  [2] ;  [10] ;  [4] ;  [11] ;  [6] more »;  [4] ;  [6] ;  [12] ;  [6] ;  [1] « less
  1. Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  4. Max-Planck-Institut fur Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Max Planck Advanced Study Group at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL), Hamburg (Germany)
  5. Max-Planck-Institut fur Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Max Planck Advanced Study Group at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL), Hamburg (Germany); Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
  6. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  7. Max-Planck-Institut fur extraterrestrische Physik, Garching (Germany)
  8. Max Planck Advanced Study Group at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL), Hamburg (Germany); Max-Planck-Institut fur Medizinische Forschung, Heidelberg (Germany)
  9. PNSensor GmbH, Munich (Germany)
  10. Max Planck Advanced Study Group at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL), Hamburg (Germany); Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Max-Planck-Institut fur Medizinische Forschung, Heidelberg (Germany); Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (United States)
  11. Max-Planck-Institut fur Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany); Max Planck Advanced Study Group at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL), Hamburg (Germany); Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (United States)
  12. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1230062
Grant/Contract Number:
AC03-76SF00515
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Structural Dynamics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2329-7778
Publisher:
American Crystallographic Association/AIP
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC), Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY fluid drops; X-ray scattering; X-ray diffraction; image reconstruction; atom scattering