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Title: Magnetic microbes: Bacterial magnetite biomineralization

Magnetotactic bacteria are a diverse group of prokaryotes with the ability to orient and migrate along the magnetic field lines in search for a preferred oxygen concentration in chemically stratified water columns and sediments. These microorganisms produce magnetosomes, the intracellular nanometer-sized magnetic crystals surrounded by a phospholipid bilayer membrane, typically organized in chains. Magnetosomes have nearly perfect crystal structures with narrow size distribution and species-specific morphologies, leading to well-defined magnetic properties. As a result, the magnetite biomineralization in these organisms is of fundamental interest to diverse disciplines, from biotechnology to astrobiology. As a result, this article highlights recent advances in the understanding of the bacterial magnetite biomineralization.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1227437
Report Number(s):
IS--J-8637
Journal ID: ISSN 1084-9521; PII: S1084952115001627
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11358
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 46; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1084-9521
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES magnetite biomineralization; magnetotactic bacteria; magnetosome magnetite nanocrystal