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Title: A solvent replenishment solution for managing evaporation of biochemical reactions in air-matrix digital microfluidics devices

Digital microfluidics (DMF) is a powerful technique for sample preparation and analysis for a broad range of biological and chemical applications. In many cases, it is desirable to carry out DMF on an open surface, such that the matrix surrounding the droplets is ambient air. However, the utility of the air-matrix DMF format has been severely limited by problems with droplet evaporation, especially when the droplet-based biochemical reactions require high temperatures for long periods of time. We present a simple solution for managing evaporation in air-matrix DMF: just-in-time replenishment of the reaction volume using droplets of solvent. We demonstrate that this solution enables DMF-mediated execution of several different biochemical reactions (RNA fragmentation, first-strand cDNA synthesis, and PCR) over a range of temperatures (4–95 °C) and incubation times (up to 1 h or more) without use of oil, humidifying chambers, or off-chip heating modules. Reaction volumes and temperatures were maintained roughly constant over the course of each experiment, such that the reaction kinetics and products generated by the air-matrix DMF device were comparable to those of conventional benchscale reactions. As a result, this simple yet effective solution for evaporation management is an important advance in developing air-matrix DMF for a widemore » variety of new, high-impact applications, particularly in the biomedical sciences.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1225865
Report Number(s):
SAND--2015-0066J
Journal ID: ISSN 1473-0197; LCAHAM; 558325
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Lab on a chip (Print)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Lab on a chip (Print); Journal Volume: 15; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1473-0197
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Research Org:
Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY