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Title: Precise determination of the deuteron spin structure at low to moderate Q2 with CLAS and extraction of the neutron contribution

In this study, we present the final results for the deuteron spin structure functions obtained from the full data set collected with Jefferson Lab's CLAS in 2000-2001. Polarized electrons with energies of 1.6, 2.5, 4.2 and 5.8 GeV were scattered from deuteron (15ND3) targets, dynamically polarized along the beam direction, and detected with CLAS. From the measured double spin asymmetry, the virtual photon absorption asymmetry Ad1 and the polarized structure function gd1 were extracted over a wide kinematic range (0.05 GeV2 < Q2 < 5 GeV2 and 0.9 GeV < W < 3 GeV). We use an unfolding procedure and a parametrization of the corresponding proton results to extract from these data the polarized structure functions An1 and g1n of the (bound) neutron, which are so far unknown in the resonance region, W < 2 GeV. We compare our final results, including several moments of the deuteron and neutron spin structure functions, with various theoretical models and expectations as well as parametrizations of the world data. The unprecedented precision and dense kinematic coverage of these data can aid in future extractions of polarized parton distributions, tests of perturbative QCD predictions for the quark polarization at large x, a better understandingmore » of quark-hadron duality, and more precise values for higher-twist matrix elements in the framework of the Operator Product Expansion.« less
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1224794
Report Number(s):
JLAB-PHY--15-2054; DOE/OR/23177--3359; arXiv:1505.07877
Journal ID: ISSN 0556-2813; PRVCAN
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-06OR23177; FG02-96ER40960
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. C, Nuclear Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 92; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 0556-2813
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Contributing Orgs:
CLAS Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS spin structure functions; nucleon structure