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Title: Structural insights into substrate specificity of Feruloyl-CoA 6’-Hydroxylase from Arabidopsis thaliana

Coumarins belong to an important class of plant secondary metabolites. Feruloyl-CoA 6’-hydroxylase (F6’H), a 2-oxoglutarate dependent dioxygenase (2OGD), catalyzes a pivotal step in the biosynthesis of a simple coumarin scopoletin. In this study, we determined the 3-dimensional structure of the F6’H1 apo enzyme by X-ray crystallography. It is the first reported structure of a 2OGD enzyme involved in coumarin biosynthesis and closely resembles the structure of Arabidopsis thaliana anthocyanidin synthase. To better understand the mechanism of enzyme catalysis and substrate specificity, we also generated a homology model of a related ortho-hydroxylase (C2’H) from sweet potato. By comparing these two structures, we targeted two amino acid residues and verified their roles in substrate binding and specificity by site-directed mutagenesis.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Beijing Univ. of Chemical Technology, Beijing (China)
  2. Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1215409
Grant/Contract Number:
W-31-109-ENG-38
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES biocatalysis; enzyme mechanisms; enzymes; X-ray crystallography