Using support vector machines to improve elemental ion identification in macromolecular crystal structures
In the process of macromolecular model building, crystallographers must examine electron density for isolated atoms and differentiate sites containing structured solvent molecules from those containing elemental ions. This task requires specific knowledge of metal-binding chemistry and scattering properties and is prone to error. A method has previously been described to identify ions based on manually chosen criteria for a number of elements. Here, the use of support vector machines (SVMs) to automatically classify isolated atoms as either solvent or one of various ions is described. Two data sets of protein crystal structures, one containing manually curated structures deposited with anomalous diffraction data and another with automatically filtered, high-resolution structures, were constructed. On the manually curated data set, an SVM classifier was able to distinguish calcium from manganese, zinc, iron and nickel, as well as all five of these ions from water molecules, with a high degree of accuracy. Additionally, SVMs trained on the automatically curated set of high-resolution structures were able to successfully classify most common elemental ions in an independent validation test set. This method is readily extensible to other elemental ions and can also be used in conjunction with previous methods based on a priori expectations of themore »
- Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). College of Letters and Science; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., Berkeley, CA (United States). Physical Biosciences Div.
- Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., Berkeley, CA (United States). Physical Biosciences Div.
- Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., Berkeley, CA (United States). Physical Biosciences Div.; Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. og Bioengineering.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Grant/Contract Number:
- Accepted Manuscript
- Journal Name:
- Acta Crystallographica. Section D: Biological Crystallography (Online)
- Additional Journal Information:
- Journal Name: Acta Crystallographica. Section D: Biological Crystallography (Online); Journal Volume: 71; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1399-0047
- International Union of Crystallography
- Research Org:
- Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
- Sponsoring Org:
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE elemental ion identification; support vector machines; model building