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Title: Converting Maturing Nuclear Sites to Integrated Power Production Islands

Nuclear islands, which are integrated power production sites, could effectively sequester and safeguard the US stockpile of plutonium. A nuclear island, an evolution of the integral fast reactor, utilizes all the Transuranics (Pu plus minor actinides) produced in power production, and it eliminates all spent fuel shipments to and from the site. This latter attribute requires that fuel reprocessing occur on each site and that fast reactors be built on-site to utilize the TRU. All commercial spent fuel shipments could be eliminated by converting all LWR nuclear power sites to nuclear islands. Existing LWR sites have the added advantage of already possessing a license to produce nuclear power. Each could contribute to an increase in the nuclear power production by adding one or more fast reactors. Both the TRU and the depleted uranium obtained in reprocessing would be used on-site for fast fuel manufacture. Only fission products would be shipped to a repository for storage. The nuclear island concept could be used to alleviate the strain of LWR plant sites currently approaching or exceeding their spent fuel pool storage capacity. Fast reactor breeding ratio could be designed to convert existing sites to all fast reactors, or keep the majority thermal.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Department of Pyroprocessing Technology, Idaho National Laboratory, ID 83415, USA
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1198310
Grant/Contract Number:
W-31-109-eng-38
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations (Print)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations (Print); Journal Volume: 2011; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2016-08-04 11:58:40; Journal ID: ISSN 1687-6075
Publisher:
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
Egypt
Language:
English